Molecular biology is a term used to study living things at the molecular level which includes controlling them and their formation too. In other words, it is the study of biological activity inside and in between cells. It even includes gene replication, mutation, and expression. It is used to understand living things by examining the things that form them.
It is a special branch of biochemistry that includes the study of DNA and RNA present in the molecules. Other biomolecules like carbohydrates and lipids are also studied in this field. These biomolecules interact with nucleic acids and proteins. You can perform this with a high-quality molecular biology kit available at https://www.bosterbio.com/products/molecular-biology-pcr-kits.html.
Some clinical research and medical therapies in molecular biology come under gene therapy. The use of molecular biology in the field of medicine is known as molecular medicine. It is helpful in understanding the formations, actions, and regulations of various parts of cells which can be used to make new drugs, diagnose new diseases, and increase the knowledge about the physical nature of a cell.
It has few mechanisms named Electrophoresis which is used to separate DNA or proteins according to their size. Another mechanism is restriction digest which is the process of cutting DNA into smaller fragments using enzymes. Another one is blotting which is used to identify biomolecules followed by electrophoresis. To identify the biomolecule, either a labeled probe or a labeled antibody is used.
Another one is litigation in which the two pieces of DNA are joined together which results in the formation of a new genome. The next technique is cloning. In this, a new gene is introduced into a cell. It is used to see the effects of that gene on the organism or cell. All these techniques can be performed efficiently with molecular biology kits.